In New Zealand, childhood exposure to maltreatment and relational trauma is extremely common. Worldwide, approximately one-third of children experience physical abuse, and 25% of girls and 20% of boys experience sexual victimisation (United Nations 2006). Studies by the US Department of Health and Human Services (2011) and the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (Pynoos 2001) confirmed without doubt the long-term negative consequences of maltreatment on children.
These children have an increased risk of severe mental and physical health problems, including post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD), depression, suicide, substance abuse, heart disease, pulmonary disease and liver disease. Children exposed to multiple traumas are at greater risk of subsequent trauma exposure and cumulative impairment.
These studies revealed the following:
Four out of every five children are maltreated by a parent acting alone or with someone else.
Youngest children are more vulnerable, with those under the age of 1 with the highest rates of abuse.
65% of maltreated children develop PTSD.
90% of children acquire anxious and disorganised attachment patterns.
53% are likely to be in trouble with the law before becoming an adult.
40% are likely to commit a violent crime.
50–80% of all child abuse cases involve drug and/or alcohol abuse by parents or caregivers
Stand Children’s Services are grounded in a foundation of basic theories, principles and what we learn from research. Our work is science (based on proven theories), but the work of making these theories come alive and using them to make a difference in the lives of vulnerable children and families is art. Our continued learning about attachment, trauma, child development, family systems and neurobiology supports us to provide an effective approach to child healing and parent training that links mind, body and relationships.
Children in families below the poverty line are 45 times more likely to experience neglect and 60 times more likely to die from maltreatment.
Mental health problems are highest for children placed in out-of-home care.
Children who enter out-ofhome care are more likely to exhibit aggressive and antisocial behaviour, use drugs and alcohol and enter the youth justice system.
Children in 80% of high-risk families (poverty, substance abuse, abuse and neglect, intimate partner violence, history of maltreatment in parent’s childhood, depression and other psychological disorders in parents) fail to develop secure attachment patterns.
As a nation, it is imperative that we increase our awareness and understanding of attachment as a critical factor in child and family psychosocial functioning and dysfunction. Armed with this understanding the children’s workforce will become purposeful in applying an effective framework for the prevention, assessment and treatment of the harm caused by relationship trauma.
THROUGHPUT (2015-2016 Year)
2,984 new referrals for the year
3,821 children and their families worked with throughout the year
103,570 hours of social work services in the community
46,122 residential days
77 Schools provided with a school social worker
Outcomes (2015-2016 Year)
97% of children surveyed in the last year said they were happy with their service and what was achieved
99% of parents surveyed were satisfied with the services provided and the outcomes achieved, and of these, 96% were highly satisfied
100% of referral agents were satisfied with the services provided and 95% highly satisfied
96% of schools surveyed were satisfied with the services provided and 72% highly satisfied
The Stories Behind the Numbers
A Story of CHILDREN IN Distress
60% of children are assessed as medium to high risk
65% of children have difficulty with self-regulation
65% of children are diagnosed with chronic health, mental health or developmental disabilities 52% of children are exhibiting alienation and rebelliousness
52% of children are displaying antisocial behaviour and hyperactivity
45% of children have a diagnosed mental health disorder
42% of children have two or more chronic health, mental health or developmental disabilities
30% of children have a developmental disability
A story to Tell no matter the age or gender
64% of children are male
36% of children are female
11% of children are 5–7 years old
43% of children are 8–10 years old
46% of children are 11–13 years old
A story to tell no matter the culture
52% of children are Maori
39% are NZ European
7% come from Pacific culture
2% come from other cultures including Indian, South-East Asian, Asian and other European
A STORY OF THEIR SCHOOLS’ INABILITY TO PROTECT FROM HARM
40% of children were failing at school
35% of the children’s schools were having difficulties managing the children’s behaviour
41% of children were experiencing peer rejection and bullying at school
A STORY OF THEIR EXPOSURE TO RISK IN FAMILY AND COMMUNITY
42% of children are from single-parent families
66% of parents experience difficulties with discipline
43% of families have experienced recent traumatic events
45% of parents have relationship problems or a family history of abuse
42% of parents have low educational achievement
66% of parents are on a low wage or a benefit
49% are struggling with socio-economic disadvantage
72% of families live in communities where there are poor housing conditions, neighbourhood crime and violence, a lack of attachment and social and cultural discrimination
2017 TDB Report
In 2017, Stand engaged TDB Advisory to empirically and statistically evaluate the impact and value of our services.
They investigated 3 questions
- is the Service targeting the right children?
- is the Service having a positive impact on the children?
- what is that impact worth in terms of fiscal savings to the government over time?
They found that:
1. Behaviourally, (the) children referred to the Service:
- on average, exhibit borderline to abnormal total behavioural difficulties;
- appear to have behavioural distributions that are riskier than the average child; and
- on average, exhibit a behavioural profile comparable to the ‘high environmental risk’ cohort in the Growing Up in New Zealand (GUiNZ) study
2. With repect to the impact of the service
- while not all children benefit, there is evidence of meaningful positive behavioural change, on average, across the behavioural difficulties metrics used by Stand
- prior to the intervention (pre-intervention), parents and teachers rate between 50%-60% of the children using the service as having a behavioural profile consistent with the child having abnormal behavioural difficulties. After the intervention (post-intervention) and at a six-month follow-up assessment, this falls to approximately 40%
- on average, of those who had an improved behavioural profile following Stand’s Service, the improvement was approximately one third from the base line; and
- in the parent and teacher assessments of behaviour, on average, the children referred to the Service have a change in behaviour profile that shifts from being above the profile expected of the high environmental risk group, to below it (effectively moving the average child from a profile consistent with a high-risk environment to a profile consistent with a medium-risk environment). This may indicate a positive material shift in likely future life outcomes
3. With respect to the financial value of Stand to the government
"(TDB) estimate that if the Service has a positive impact on approximately one in six of the children referred to it, the government will “break-even” (ie, generate future fiscal savings that recover the current cost of funding). If it can exceed this standard, it will generate a positive financial return for the government."
Stand KNow how important data is
We hold client data on over 20 000 children dating back to 2000. We've collected information about their communities, their family situations, their health, their education and their strengths and weaknesses.
With kind donations from Microsoft New Zealand and Stellar Consulting, we've been able to take our data and derive real meaning and insight from it. We can see the impacts we're making on a daily basis and be confident of our actions.
Stand are proud to have become a data driven organisation.